Phase Transition of Fe₃O₄ Magnetic Material Based on Observation of Curie Temperature and Hysteresis Curve: Micromagnetic Simulation Study

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  •   Dewi Azzahra Puspita

  •   Lutfi Rohman

  •   Artoto Arkundato

  •   Ratna Dewi Syarifah

Abstract

Phase transition yesng happens to the material magnetite (Fe3O4) is an interesting phenomenon to study because it has many important applications, one of which is RAM (Radar Absorbing Material). The magnetic properties of nanomaterials are known to be influenced by their size. In this simulation research, the research objective was to analyze the temperature value of the Curie and the hysteresis curve of the Fe3O4 material with variations in the size of the material sample cube of 5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm. In this study, using a micromagnetic simulation method based on atomistic models with the Vampire program. The results showed that the Curie temperature value in the Fe3O4 material was influenced by variations in the size of the material. The Curie temperature values when the side sizes of the cube are 5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm, namely 650 K, 635 K, 650 K, 665 K and 645 K. The characteristics of the hysteresis curve for Fe3O4 material based on simulations at each material size (5 nm, 8 nm, 10 nm, 12 nm, and 15 nm) for several temperatures (0 K, 328 K, 473 K and 773 K) indicate that there is a change in the coercivity and field values. saturation.


Keywords: Phase transition, Magnetite, Temperature Curie, Hysteresis Curve

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How to Cite
Puspita, D. A., Rohman, L., Arkundato, A., & Syarifah, R. D. (2021). Phase Transition of Fe₃O₄ Magnetic Material Based on Observation of Curie Temperature and Hysteresis Curve: Micromagnetic Simulation Study. European Journal of Applied Physics, 3(2), 3–10. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejphysics.2021.3.2.45